We applied a hydrophilic and hydrophobic liquid and observed the behavior of mosquitoes accreting on the applied surface. When glycerin was applied, mosquitoes showed various behaviors, such as flying away immediately, staying for a long time, and walking around in search of a blood source. The contact time with the applied surface was widely dispersed. This was the same when it was not applied. However, when the hydrophobic liquid silicone oil or squalene was applied, the contact time was greatly shortened, and no mosquitoes continued to accrete for more than 3 s, especially with silicone oil.
Fig. 1 Chamber used to measure
mosquito contact time
(reference: modified from Iikura et al., Sci Rep 10, 14480 )
Fig. 2 Leg contact time of mosquitoes accreted on a substrate coated with various liquids
Samples with different letters (A, B) on the plot show statistically significant differences (Tukey post hoc test, p <0.001) (reference: modified from Iikura et al., Sci Rep 10, 14480 )